The EN 45545-2 standard requires testing various materials and components used in trains to assess their flammability, smoke density, and toxicity when exposed to heat and flame. These tests are designed to ensure that materials will not contribute significantly to fire growth or produce harmful smoke.
Railway manufacturers and suppliers must adhere to EN 45545-2 for materials used in all areas of train construction, including interior panels, seats, flooring, and electrical components. This fire standard is integral to maintaining a safe environment in the event of a fire on a train.
Materials and components that pass this fire standard are classified based on their fire behavior, operational category, and application. This detailed classification ensures that only materials with the highest safety standards are used in critical areas of railway vehicles.
Compliance with EN 45545-2 is a mandatory requirement for trains operating within the European Union. Manufacturers must certify that their materials meet the specified requirements of this standard to ensure the highest level of fire safety.
EN 45545-2 is recognized across Europe and has influenced global fire standards for fire safety in railway vehicles. It sets a benchmark for fire safety performance in the rail industry worldwide.